Publications in: Digital Europe

Franco-German Cooperation in Artificial Intelligence

In 2018 France and Germany published national strategies on the development and governance of artificial intelligence (AI). While the two countries have committed to working together more closely on AI, concrete policy proposals for cooperation are largely missing from their strategic documents. In this Policy Brief, Paul-Jasper Dittrich reviews both strategies to find policy areas where cooperation between France and Germany would be mutually beneficial and serve the AI strategic goals of both. more

EP19: The Shadow of Disinformation

Computational propaganda and online election interference pose a threat to the conduct of free and fair elections and to the legitimacy of the democratic process itself. Since the last EP elections in 2014 a string of votes worldwide were marked by disinformation campaigns, manipulation of social media algorithms and other attempts of online interference. Against this background it is of little surprise that the European Commission and national governments are increasingly worried about the safety, integrity and legitimacy of the EP elections of May. more

The debate on EU-digital taxation

The so-called ‘Google tax’ is currently the focus of a heated debate. Proponents claim that large digital companies make use of the users’ data, but do not contribute to the public welfare when they shift their profits to tax havens. Opponents fear competitive disadvantages and barriers to research and innovation. While the matter is technical, the debate becomes very political. This blogpost examines why digital taxation is a problem after all and why the European Commission’s proposal for a solution does not fit the bill. more

A Guide to Brexit and Data Flows

Post-Brexit relations regarding data transfers and data protection are going to exercise one of the biggest economic impacts on the UK and the EU27 over the longer term. In this policy paper, Paul-Jasper Dittrich provides an overview of the role of data and data exchanges in modern economies, and how Brexit endangers this exchange, and describes different scenarios for the transfer of personal data post-Brexit. more

The European answer to the digital revolution

Over the years following the birth of the iPhone in 2007, the EU has become a digital laggard. The tech giants dominating the European digital economy in 2018 hail from the US, and their main competitors are Chinese, not European companies. How can the EU keep its competitive advantage in such a changing environment? What is the European answer to the digital revolution? Paul-Jasper Dittrich and Jan Krewer explain two fundamental measures to ensure Europe’s competitiveness in the face of the digital revolution. more