Publications in: EU-institutions and Governance

Towards a more democratic European Union

In the debate on the future of the EU, it is the first time since the signing of the Treaty of Lisbon that fundamental institutional issues are again under discussion. This Policy Paper by Valentin Kreilinger analyses the proposals made in recent months as part of the debate and examines the legal requirements, along with the political scope for action for their potential implementation. more

Looking for the silver bullet – A guide to the ESM debate

The reform of the ESM has become a focal point of the debate on the future of economic and monetary union. Under this label, a wide variety of proposals is discussed: debt restructuring; a possible backstop for banking union; the future of crisis management; or even changing economic surveillance in the euro area. Our study structures a debate which is too often all over the place and offers a guide through the proposals on the table. more

Ireland on the rocky road to Brexit

The Brexit raises a series of very complex and interconnected questions affecting the relations between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. This puts at risk the delicate social, political and emotional balances that characterise the island. This Policy Paper, written by Aziliz Gouez presents the three main concerns structuring the EU common position as regards Ireland and Brexit. more

EPPO and PESCO: Flexibility in EU integration

This Policy Paper by Laura Maria Wolfstädter and Valentin Kreilinger assesses how the two main flexibility tools of the Lisbon Treaty, Enhanced Cooperation and Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO), have recently been used for the cases of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office (EPPO) and strengthening defence cooperation. more

Economic government: What kind of coordination for the Eurozone?

In the European Union, each member state is responsible for its tax system. Different national regimes help with tax competition, but can also lead to tax evasion or unfair rules in the Single Market. That is why better coordination or even standardisation of taxes is debated. What tax regulations are there already in the Single Market? What would be the advantages and disadvantages of a European tax? And what reforms are being discussed in Europe? more