Publications in: Foreign and Security Policy

A more strategic approach towards CSDP partnerships

The EU seeks to develop a more strategic approach to third-country partnerships in the realm of the Common Security and Defence Policy. This policy brief shows why a more systematic approach is necessary and uses the Brexit negotiations to illustrate its practical meaning and political limitations. more

Four takeaways from Munich

Last week, Nicole Koenig joined world leaders and security experts at the 55th Munich Security Conference. This policy position summarises her four key takeaways on the EU, transatlantic relations, great power competition and emerging challenges. It lists a range of unanswered questions that will have to be monitored in the course of next year. more

Aachen Treaty: a second look

On 22 January, exactly 56 years after the signing of the Élysée Treaty, Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron signed the Treaty of Aachen. It is heavy on symbols and lighter on concrete ways forward. This policy position picks three key issues (security policy, Artificial Intelligence and the link to parliaments) and shows what pragmatic and concrete next steps could look like. more

PESCO and the EI2: similar aims, different paths

France and Germany stand at the centre of two recent European defence cooperation initiatives: PESCO and the EI2. This policy brief compares two of the new European defence cooperation initiatives: the Treaty-based permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) and the French-driven European Intervention Initiative (EI2). How do they differ and how could they be linked? more

The EU and NATO: A Partnership with a Glass Ceiling

The EUGS aims at deepening the strategic partnership between the EU and NATO. Security challenges and increasingly hybrid threats emanating from Europe’s neighbourhood underlined the need for a mutually reinforcing and complementary EU–NATO cooperation. The EUGS triggered more systematic cooperation based on seven joint priority areas. The organizations found new and creative ways to circumvent longstanding political blockades. However, these blockades still put a glass ceiling over implementation while transatlantic tensions curtail the strategic nature of this partnership. more