Publications in: Foreign and Security Policy

Two years into the EU-Turkey ‘deal’ – taking stock

Two years have passed since the EU and Turkey sealed a ‘deal’ to halt large-scale migration to Europe. As numbers remained low, the public eye turned to other theatres. New developments, however, call for a fresh look at the ‘EU-Turkey deal’. Marie Walter-Franke takes stock of the refugee swapping mechanism and the accompanying aid package. more

Four options for EU-UK defence cooperation post-Brexit

One of the issues for phase two of the Brexit negotiations is the future of EU-UK defence cooperation. The UK wants a deep and special security partnership. The EU seems open to developing more ambitious cooperation frameworks. But what could this mean in practice? This blog post assesses four options in light of EU and UK interests. more

A European Defence Union: In the name of the people?

We need a European Security and Defence Union – and it is what our citizens want. This narrative has accompanied recent Franco-German and European efforts to foster closer cooperation on security and defence. But what in fact do French and German citizens actually want? A policy paper by Nicole Koenig addresses this question by analysing recent French and German opinion poll data more

European defence: Who sits at the table, what’s on the menu?

The military capacity of European states is plagued by 20 years of under-investment, fragmentation and national short-sightedness. While previous attempts at launching Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) in defence failed, a deal is now within reach. Europeans should strike the balance between inclusiveness and ambition, which will set the table for the next decade of European defence cooperation.  more

How much does Europe spend on comprehensive security?

In international security affairs, the EU presents itself as a comprehensive power with the unique ability to combine diplomacy, development aid and defence (the three Ds). This policy paper reviews the claim in light of recent expenditure data and asks whether and how Europeans could do better. more