Publications in: Foreign relations and security policy

European defence: Who sits at the table, what’s on the menu?

The military capacity of European states is plagued by 20 years of under-investment, fragmentation and national short-sightedness. While previous attempts at launching Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) in defence failed, a deal is now within reach. Europeans should strike the balance between inclusiveness and ambition, which will set the table for the next decade of European defence cooperation.  more

External EU Hotspots: The cat keeps coming back

The idea to set up EU hotspots in North Africa keeps coming up as European leaders seek enhanced control of mixed migration in the Mediterranean. Like the cat in Harry Miller’s comical song, external processing of asylum claims just won’t stay away. How realistic is it for the EU to establish external hotspots? This blog post outlines political, legal and practical issues related to the hotspots idea. more

How much does Europe spend on comprehensive security?

In international security affairs, the EU presents itself as a comprehensive power with the unique ability to combine diplomacy, development aid and defence (the three Ds). This policy paper reviews the claim in light of recent expenditure data and asks whether and how Europeans could do better. more

Brexit and the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

The claim ‘Brexit means Brexit’ does not qualify for the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ). Resulting from a long history of differentiated integration, the UK has never been a full in- or outsider of the AFSJ. Dr. Funda Tekin argues that a tailor-made Brexit solution should allow for the UK’s future participation in those policy areas in which a full Brexit would lead to a lose-lose situation. more

France and Germany: Spearheading CSDP?

After the Brexit vote, France and Germany put their weight behind a European Security and Defence Union. The will to “revitalise” the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) created new momentum on a range of stagnating dossiers. Faced with a window of opportunity, bilateral and European constraints persist nonetheless. Dr. Nicole Koenig and Marie Walter-Franke offer an assessment of the Franco-German potential for CSDP. more