Publications

The Jacques Delors Institut – Berlin publishes policy papers (short research papers including evaluations and analyses, max. 10 pages), reports (longer position papers with a stronger analytical focus and policy recommendations) and blog posts. In addition, the institute will also post links to the publications by Notre Europe – Institut Jacques Delors in Paris.

Policy Papers

How populist disinformation informs the debate on migration

Despite contrary expectations, the European elections were not marked by an abundance of targeted disinformation, as was the case with the previous US elections and the Brexit referendum. In this policy paper, Paul-Jasper Dittrich and Lucas Rasche argue that we should analyse disinformation beyond the focus on political elections. Using the discussion on the Global Compact for Migration as an example, they show how right-wing populist disinformation seeks to influence the course of politics by gaining the prerogative of interpretation in a “competition of narratives”. more

International Role of the Euro

A greater international role for the euro is a key strategic element in safeguarding European economic sovereignty. However, achieving and then maintaining that role will be no easy feat. In this paper, Kris Best identifies the major roadblocks in the debate and discusses the challenges that a stronger international role for the euro would pose for the euro area. more

Relocation puzzle: Exploring ways out of the solidarity impasse

As the EU’s current legislative cycle is coming to an end, this policy paper analyses the four major proposals put forward to revise the Dublin Regulation. It argues that two points of contention stand in the way of solving the EU’s ‘relocation puzzle’: varying preferences for a permanent or temporary relocation mechanism and contradictory views on the voluntary or mandatory nature of such a mechanism. With no compromise in sight, the paper proposes a Franco-German initiative. more

Rules enforcement in the EU: conditionality to the rescue?

Budget conditionality has become a key issue in the ongoing debate on the next multiannual financial framework. Some regard it as the EU's silver bullet against member states that refuse to implement EU values, rules and decisions. Others fear excessive interference in national competences. In this policy paper, Jörg Haas and Pola Schneemelcher examine what conditionality means in the EU context and whether it really improves the enforceability of EU rules and values. more

Policy Brief

New Beginnings: Energy

Ursula von der Leyen has chosen to make the ‘European Green Deal’ her number one priority. This crosscutting issue should federate all the services of the European Commission, and start by accelerating the transition to a clean energy future. To do so, von der Leyen needs to build a broad coalition of EU governments, Members of Parliament and citizens. We therefore argue that the European Commission should structure the ‘European Green Deal’ around three complementary policy priorities: climate ambition to set the direction, innovation-based competitiveness to help EU companies develop the clean energy solutions for Europe and the world, and social justice to ensure an inclusive transition that improves the living conditions of all Europeans. more

New Beginnings: Eurozone Reform

The new Commission should shift gears. Rather than spending ever more political capital on ever smaller technical reform steps, it should focus on fostering a political consensus on the future direction of Eurozone reform. In parallel, it should ensure that the Eurozone is prepared for the next crisis, which might just be around the corner. This means first to bring the current reform package including a mini-Eurozone budget over the finish line; second to make Banking Union work properly; and third to prepare a playbook for a joint fiscal response in a future recession. more

New Beginnings: Trade

While the geopolitical dimension of trade policy is growing in importance and multilateralism is threatened, consensus in public opinion for global trade has shrunk and value chains are shortening. In this changing context of globalisation and with the surge in support for the Greens in the new European Parliament, the new Commission, which holds an exclusive competence in trade policy, must make it more ecological and inclusive, also reinforcing the compliance of imports with European standards. This shift in EU trade policy requires a whole set of greening and social measures as well as key initiatives to strengthen multilateralism. more

New Beginnings: EU foreign and security policy

EU institutions and member states should join forces to address the capabilities-expectations gap which is widening in light of internal and external contestation. This implies, first, starting with the right institutional set-up, notably a European Security Council providing strategic direction and a Commission DG Defence driving industrial consolidation in the defence sector. Second, the EU should raise the European Defence Union to the next level by addressing divergent arms export policies, strengthening its operational arm and deepening cooperation with NATO. Third, the EU should revitalise foreign policy by taking gradual steps towards qualified majority voting, making the Council’s work more efficient, and developing a longer-term vision. more

New Beginnings: Digital Europe

Many challenges are ahead for the EU’s digital and innovation policy in the next five years. Although there are signs that the European tech ecosystem is slowly but steadily catching up, the EU is still lagging behind the US (and now also China) in tech-related measures, be it investment in AI start-ups, adoption of new business models, data usage or market valuations of technology companies. The EU will need to considerably improve the framework conditions for its start-ups and its digitalizing old industries to counter these trends. more

Policy Position

The EU needs an alliance for sea rescues

On Monday 23.07. the interior and foreign ministers from 8 EU member states agreed to install a "stable mechanism" for migrants rescued in the Mediterranean Sea. Lucas Rasche writes why some member states should take the lead in relocating asylum seekers and what the "Alliance of the Willing", called for by German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, could look like. more

European Parliament: Time to move on

The European Parliament should commit Ursula von der Leyen to an ambitious agenda and counter the desolate image of the Council with a show of responsibility and foresight. Simply blocking her election as President of the Commission does not help anyone - let alone Europe. more

Four takeaways from Munich

Last week, Nicole Koenig joined world leaders and security experts at the 55th Munich Security Conference. This policy position summarises her four key takeaways on the EU, transatlantic relations, great power competition and emerging challenges. It lists a range of unanswered questions that will have to be monitored in the course of next year. more

Aachen Treaty: a second look

On 22 January, exactly 56 years after the signing of the Élysée Treaty, Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron signed the Treaty of Aachen. It is heavy on symbols and lighter on concrete ways forward. This policy position picks three key issues (security policy, Artificial Intelligence and the link to parliaments) and shows what pragmatic and concrete next steps could look like. more

Breaking the deadlock on EU asylum reform?

The reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) remains difficult. Recent initiatives by the Commission and a joint position paper from Germany and France sought to provide a new impetus to the negotiations. In this Policy Position, Lucas Rasche argues that there is nevertheless little hope these initiatives can lead to a breakthrough ahead of the European Parliament elections on 23-26. May 2019. more