Publications by Dr. Nicole Koenig

A more strategic approach towards CSDP partnerships

The EU seeks to develop a more strategic approach to third-country partnerships in the realm of the Common Security and Defence Policy. This policy brief shows why a more systematic approach is necessary and uses the Brexit negotiations to illustrate its practical meaning and political limitations. more

Four takeaways from Munich

Last week, Nicole Koenig joined world leaders and security experts at the 55th Munich Security Conference. This policy position summarises her four key takeaways on the EU, transatlantic relations, great power competition and emerging challenges. It lists a range of unanswered questions that will have to be monitored in the course of next year. more

Aachen Treaty: a second look

On 22 January, exactly 56 years after the signing of the Élysée Treaty, Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron signed the Treaty of Aachen. It is heavy on symbols and lighter on concrete ways forward. This policy position picks three key issues (security policy, Artificial Intelligence and the link to parliaments) and shows what pragmatic and concrete next steps could look like. more

Brexit vote – no ‘final blow’ to the EU

The rejection of the so-called ‘May deal’ on 15 January has caused uncertainty for all sides, explains Nicole Koenig, Deputy Director at the Jacques Delors Institute Berlin. While Brexit represents an important loss in political and economic terms, it does not represent the ‘final blow’ to the EU, as some may argue. To the contrary, the EU has been very united in the negotiations and public approval rates have significantly risen in the past two years. more

PESCO and the EI2: similar aims, different paths

France and Germany stand at the centre of two recent European defence cooperation initiatives: PESCO and the EI2. This policy brief compares two of the new European defence cooperation initiatives: the Treaty-based permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) and the French-driven European Intervention Initiative (EI2). How do they differ and how could they be linked? more