Publications in: Foreign and Security Policy

EP 2014-19 Key Votes: Recognizing Guaidó

On 31 January 2019, the European Parliament voted to recognise Juan Guaidó as interim President of Venezuela. This policy brief shows how the vote divided Europe's centre left and the political extremes. Still, the solid majority contrasted with the Council's failure to reach a common position. The ‚Key Votes‘ series dissects some of the most salient European Parliament votes in 2014-19. more

A more strategic approach towards CSDP partnerships

The EU seeks to develop a more strategic approach to third-country partnerships in the realm of the Common Security and Defence Policy. This policy brief shows why a more systematic approach is necessary and uses the Brexit negotiations to illustrate its practical meaning and political limitations. more

Four takeaways from Munich

Last week, Nicole Koenig joined world leaders and security experts at the 55th Munich Security Conference. This policy position summarises her four key takeaways on the EU, transatlantic relations, great power competition and emerging challenges. It lists a range of unanswered questions that will have to be monitored in the course of next year. more

Aachen Treaty: a second look

On 22 January, exactly 56 years after the signing of the Élysée Treaty, Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron signed the Treaty of Aachen. It is heavy on symbols and lighter on concrete ways forward. This policy position picks three key issues (security policy, Artificial Intelligence and the link to parliaments) and shows what pragmatic and concrete next steps could look like. more

PESCO and the EI2: similar aims, different paths

France and Germany stand at the centre of two recent European defence cooperation initiatives: PESCO and the EI2. This policy brief compares two of the new European defence cooperation initiatives: the Treaty-based permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) and the French-driven European Intervention Initiative (EI2). How do they differ and how could they be linked? more