Publications in: Foreign and Security Policy

PESCO and the EI2: similar aims, different paths

France and Germany stand at the centre of two recent European defence cooperation initiatives: PESCO and the EI2. This policy brief compares two of the new European defence cooperation initiatives: the Treaty-based permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) and the French-driven European Intervention Initiative (EI2). How do they differ and how could they be linked? more

The EU and NATO: A Partnership with a Glass Ceiling

The EUGS aims at deepening the strategic partnership between the EU and NATO. Security challenges and increasingly hybrid threats emanating from Europe’s neighbourhood underlined the need for a mutually reinforcing and complementary EU–NATO cooperation. The EUGS triggered more systematic cooperation based on seven joint priority areas. The organizations found new and creative ways to circumvent longstanding political blockades. However, these blockades still put a glass ceiling over implementation while transatlantic tensions curtail the strategic nature of this partnership. more

Troubled Water: What are the lessons from Operation Sophia?

In a row over the disembarkation of migrants rescued at sea, the Italian government has brought the EU’s maritime military Operation Sophia to the verge of collapse. As its current mandate expires on 31 December 2018, Lucas Rasche explores what the trouble about Operation Sophia is really about. more

From Meseberg to Sibiu: EU’s Weltpolitikfähigkeit

Juncker said that the EU should become ‚weltpolitikfähig‘. Merkel and Macron backed this call to bolster the EU’s capacity to act on the global stage in their Meseberg Declaration. How aligned are Berlin and Paris really when it comes to implementation and what could a compromise look like? more

Better Together? Franco-German Cooperation in the Sahel

The Sahel has become a hub for European security, migration and development-related activities. One of the political drivers has been the increasing Franco-German convergence around the aims of stabilisation and combating the root causes of migration. This blog post traces the trajectory of this strategic convergence and assesses its effective implications. While France, Germany and a core group of EU member states have gradually strengthened the implementation of the comprehensive approach, this blog post also underlines potential pitfalls and the need for systematic vertical and horizontal EU coordination.  more