Veranstaltungen im: December 2018

PESCO and the EI2: similar aims, different paths

20. December 2018 / 12:53

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The past two years are said to have seen more progress in European defence cooperation than the past decade. This policy brief compares two of the new European defence cooperation initiatives: the Treaty-based permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) and the French-driven European Intervention Initiative (EI2). It shows that they pursue similar political aims, but via different paths. The analysis closes by spelling out three different interpretations of ‚the closest possible link’ between the two projects, providing substance to a Franco-German promise for the coming year.

Breaking the deadlock on EU asylum reform?

20. December 2018 / 10:47

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The reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) remains difficult. Recent initiatives by the Commission and a joint position paper from Germany and France sought to provide a new impetus to the negotiations. In this Policy Position, Lucas Rasche argues that there is nevertheless little hope these initiatives can lead to a breakthrough ahead of the European Parliament elections on 23-26. May 2019.

Chart of the Week 44/2018

19. December 2018 / 16:40

How have productivity and wages developed in four of EU’s growth starlets?

Growth starlets: Wages & productivity of EU trading powers

18. December 2018 / 16:31

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Under which conditions do European economies achieve solid and balanced wage and productivity growth? In this blog post we analyse two economic models in the EU exemplified by four countries that appear to realise solid wage and productivity growth and compete successfully in global markets. We distill their comparative advantage and point to future challenges such as skills shortages, transformation to a knowledge-based economy and social disparities.

Franco-German Cooperation in Artificial Intelligence

18. December 2018 / 10:31

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In 2018 France and Germany published national strategies on the development and governance of artificial intelligence (AI). While the two countries have committed to working together more closely on AI, concrete policy proposals for cooperation are largely missing from their strategic documents. In this Policy Brief, Paul-Jasper Dittrich reviews both strategies to find policy areas where cooperation between France and Germany would be mutually beneficial and serve the AI strategic goals of both.

‘If Macron fails, Europe fails’

17. December 2018 / 15:16

In his essay for DER SPIEGEL, Henrik Enderlein, Director of the Jacques Delors Institute Berlin, states that “if Macron fails, also Europe fails“. He explains that “Macron is proud of his reforms. Rightly so. He believes these reforms will bring growth back to France. Rightly so. He also believes that new growth in France will repair the social imbalances in the country. Rightly so. But Macron is forgetting about the span of time required between reform, growth and social justice“. And if the President won’t gain back confidence within the yellow vests movement, EU opponents could benefit from it and become more powerful in the next election in 2022.

Read the complete article here.

The EU and NATO: A Partnership with a Glass Ceiling

17. December 2018 / 14:52

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The EUGS aims at deepening the strategic partnership between the EU and NATO. Security challenges and increasingly hybrid threats emanating from Europe’s neighbourhood underlined the need for a mutually reinforcing and complementary EU–NATO cooperation. The EUGS triggered more systematic cooperation based on seven joint priority areas. The organizations found new and creative ways to circumvent longstanding political blockades. However, these blockades still put a glass ceiling over implementation while transatlantic tensions curtail the strategic nature of this partnership. While the bureaucratic framework underpinning EU–NATO cooperation has been strengthened, breaking through the glass ceiling and forging a more strategic bond goes beyond EUGS implementation and depends on high politics.

Details: Brussels, Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS), November 2018, 7 p. (EU Global Strategy Watch)

This publication is part of the EU Global Strategy Watch, which is a project of the Foundation for European Progressive Studies together with the Istituto Affari Internazionali, with the support of Compagnia di San Paolo – International Affairs Programme, the European Parliament, and the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation. Three issues of the EUGS Watch and one final policy paper will be published within the framework of the project in the coming months

Troubled Water: What are the lessons from Operation Sophia?

14. December 2018 / 16:10

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In a row over the disembarkation of migrants rescued at sea, the Italian government has brought the EU’s maritime military Operation Sophia to the verge of collapse. As its current mandate expires on 31 December 2018, Lucas Rasche explores what the trouble about Operation Sophia is really about. In this policy brief he argues that a lack of responsibility sharing among EU member states has been responsible for the stalemate in negotiations over a new mandate and outlines three options for the future of Operation Sophia.

The CDU votes – what are the consequences for Europe?

7. December 2018 / 13:03

What are the consequences of the new CDU presidency for Europe in general and in particular for the currency union? Lucas Guttenberg, deputy director of the Jacques Delors Institute Berlin explains in the run-up to the elections: “When Merz says that Greece should have left the euro in 2015, he calls into question the euro’s character as an irreversible currency union. If that is really his position, then people should start worrying. Merkel always resisted all attempts to drive Greece out of the euro – even from her own finance minister – because she understood that you cannot run a currency union like a fixed exchange-rate regime. Kramp-Karrenbauer seems to be on the same line. Much like his mentor Schäuble, Merz breaks with the position of the chancellor and puts euro exit as a policy instrument back on the table. If Merz wins and Merkel stays on as chancellor and then a question like Greece arises – who calls the shots and who will the party follow?”

Read the full article in the financial times here.

Chart of the Week 42/2018

6. December 2018 / 13:27

“Rising prices/cost of living” is the most important personal issue EU citizens are facing, according to Eurobarometer.