Labour mobility: de jure vs. de facto

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The free movement for workers and self-employed is one of the four freedoms of the European Union and guarantees theoretically a high labour mobility within the Union. However, the numbers show that the de facto mobility of workers is comparatively low, in spite of the de jure right to free movement. Especially the euro area would profit from a higher mobility. In this study Nathalie Spath and Paul-Jasper Dittrich identify the main barriers which European workers face and give recommendations for a higher mobility.