One year on: What lessons from the EU-Turkey ‘deal’?

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One year after sealing a migration ‘deal’ with the EU, Turkey threatens once again to terminate the agreement. Renewed tensions started when the Netherlands refused to receive Turkish ministers campaigning in favour of a controversial constitutional referendum on the establishment of a presidential system. The EU-Turkey ‘deal’ thus appears fragile, even though EU and national actors portray it as a success and blueprint for the EU’s external migration cooperation. Is the ‘deal’ really a model and what lessons can be drawn after one year of implementation?